Why Do I Sneeze? - Special English Audiobook

     Why Do I Sneeze?

Why Do I Sneeze?

  Welcome to Spotlight. I’m Liz Waid.
   Welcome to Spotlight. I’m Liz Waid.
  And I’m Colin Lowther.
   And I’m Colin Lowther.
  Spotlight uses a special English method of broadcasting.
   Spotlight uses a special English method of broadcasting.
  It is easier for people to understand, no matter where in the world they live.
   It is easier for people to understand, no matter where in the world they live.
  Today’s Spotlight is on sneezing.
   Today’s Spotlight is on sneezing.
  In ancient Greece, a sneeze was a sign of good luck.
   In ancient Greece, a sneeze was a sign of good luck.
  But in Europe, hundreds of years ago,
   But in Europe, hundreds of years ago,
  if a person sneezed people thought he would surely die.
   if a person sneezed people thought he would surely die.
  Today in parts of India,
   Today in parts of India,
  a sneeze can be a sign that something bad will happen.
   a sneeze can be a sign that something bad will happen.
  Some people believe
   Some people believe
  that it is a bad sign if you sneeze before you begin a trip.
   that it is a bad sign if you sneeze before you begin a trip.
  They say you should take a drink
   They say you should take a drink
  or wait a short while before you continue your trip.
   or wait a short while before you continue your trip.
  In parts of eastern Asia,
   In parts of eastern Asia,
  some people think you sneeze because someone is talking about you!
   some people think you sneeze because someone is talking about you!
  People have all kinds of beliefs and ideas about sneezing.
   People have all kinds of beliefs and ideas about sneezing.
  For example, have you ever heard this one?
   For example, have you ever heard this one?
  If you keep your eyes open when you sneeze,
   If you keep your eyes open when you sneeze,
  your eyes will come out of your head!
   your eyes will come out of your head!
  Scientists today know that this is not true.
   Scientists today know that this is not true.
  Your eyes are very securely attached.
   Your eyes are very securely attached.
  But some children still tell this story.
   But some children still tell this story.
  Here is another story about sneezing.
   Here is another story about sneezing.
  But this one is true!
   But this one is true!
  Have you ever sneezed in your sleep?
   Have you ever sneezed in your sleep?
  The answer is always no!
   The answer is always no!
  People never sneeze while they are sleeping.
   People never sneeze while they are sleeping.
  Through history people have tried to explain why we sneeze.
   Through history people have tried to explain why we sneeze.
  People cannot make themselves sneeze.
   People cannot make themselves sneeze.
  It is a reflex of our bodies.
   It is a reflex of our bodies.
  Doctor Neil Kao is an expert on allergies.
   Doctor Neil Kao is an expert on allergies.
  He gave the website WebMD a very simple definition for a sneeze.
   He gave the website WebMD a very simple definition for a sneeze.
  “Sneezing is a nerve transmission.
   “Sneezing is a nerve transmission.
  This message from a nerve tells your brain
   This message from a nerve tells your brain
  that something in your nose needs to come out.”
   that something in your nose needs to come out.”
  A sneeze usually begins in the nose.
   A sneeze usually begins in the nose.
  As people breathe in air through their nose,
   As people breathe in air through their nose,
  they also breathe in anything that is in the air.
   they also breathe in anything that is in the air.
  This can be dirt, dust, or germs like viruses and bacteria.
   This can be dirt, dust, or germs like viruses and bacteria.
  The air and these particles enter the nose.
   The air and these particles enter the nose.
  Some of the particles get caught in the hairs inside the nose.
   Some of the particles get caught in the hairs inside the nose.
  But the hairs do not always catch everything.
   But the hairs do not always catch everything.
  Some particles go through to the lining, or inside, of the nose.
   Some particles go through to the lining, or inside, of the nose.
  The lining of the nose is very sensitive.
   The lining of the nose is very sensitive.
  That is, it can sense very small particles in the nose.
   That is, it can sense very small particles in the nose.
  Nerves in the lining sense that it is irritated.
   Nerves in the lining sense that it is irritated.
  The nerves in the lining send a message to a particular part of the brain.
   The nerves in the lining send a message to a particular part of the brain.
  Some experts simply call this part of the brain the “sneeze center”.
   Some experts simply call this part of the brain the “sneeze center”.
  The sneeze center accepts these messages from the nose.
   The sneeze center accepts these messages from the nose.
  It sends messages back.
   It sends messages back.
  The throat, eyes, and mouth close.
   The throat, eyes, and mouth close.
  Then the throat quickly opens again while the lungs pull in quickly.
   Then the throat quickly opens again while the lungs pull in quickly.
  The result is a sneeze!
   The result is a sneeze!
  The air from the lungs leaves very quickly.
   The air from the lungs leaves very quickly.
  Some experts say sneezes travel from about 55-65kph.
   Some experts say sneezes travel from about 55-65kph.
  Others believe sneezes travel at about 160kph!
   Others believe sneezes travel at about 160kph!
  But during a sneeze, it is not just air that leaves a person’s body.
   But during a sneeze, it is not just air that leaves a person’s body.
  The air blows out the liquids in a person’s mouth and nose.
   The air blows out the liquids in a person’s mouth and nose.
  This is the saliva from the mouth,
   This is the saliva from the mouth,
  and the mucus from the nose.
   and the mucus from the nose.
  Often, these liquids contain germs like viruses and bacteria.
   Often, these liquids contain germs like viruses and bacteria.
  When a person sneezes,
   When a person sneezes,
  these liquids fly quickly out of the nose
   these liquids fly quickly out of the nose
  in very small pieces called droplets.
   in very small pieces called droplets.
  A single sneeze can contain about 40,000 droplets and many more germs!
   A single sneeze can contain about 40,000 droplets and many more germs!
  There are many reasons why a person sneezes.
   There are many reasons why a person sneezes.
  Many of them are because of chemical or environmental irritants.
   Many of them are because of chemical or environmental irritants.
  Some people sneeze when they breathe in strong smells like perfumes
   Some people sneeze when they breathe in strong smells like perfumes
  or cigarette smoke.
   or cigarette smoke.
  The cooking spice pepper makes some people sneeze.
   The cooking spice pepper makes some people sneeze.
  Other people may sneeze because of a sudden change in temperature,
   Other people may sneeze because of a sudden change in temperature,
  or a full stomach.
   or a full stomach.
  Other people sneeze when they look at the sun!
   Other people sneeze when they look at the sun!
  This is a particular kind of sneeze called a photic sneeze.
   This is a particular kind of sneeze called a photic sneeze.
  About one in every three people are photic sneezers.
   About one in every three people are photic sneezers.
  They get this trait from their parents!
   They get this trait from their parents!
  But there are also ways to avoid this kind of sneezing.
   But there are also ways to avoid this kind of sneezing.
  If you feel a sneeze coming,
   If you feel a sneeze coming,
  press your tongue behind your front two teeth.
   press your tongue behind your front two teeth.
  This is the part behind your teeth,
   This is the part behind your teeth,
  but before your mouth curves up.
   but before your mouth curves up.
  You may have to use your tongue to push very hard.
   You may have to use your tongue to push very hard.
  But you should feel that the sneeze will stop.
   But you should feel that the sneeze will stop.
  However, health workers warn that people should not stop a sneeze that has already started.
   However, health workers warn that people should not stop a sneeze that has already started.
  Sneezes travel at great speeds.
   Sneezes travel at great speeds.
  Stopping a sneeze by blocking the mouth or nose can be dangerous.
   Stopping a sneeze by blocking the mouth or nose can be dangerous.
  You could damage your hearing or the blood vessels in your head.
   You could damage your hearing or the blood vessels in your head.
  Probably the most famous reason for sneezing is that a person is sick!
   Probably the most famous reason for sneezing is that a person is sick!
  In fact, sneezing is one major way to spread sicknesses like influenza.
   In fact, sneezing is one major way to spread sicknesses like influenza.
  As we said,
   As we said,
  tens of thousands of germs escape from a person’s nose and mouth during a sneeze.
   tens of thousands of germs escape from a person’s nose and mouth during a sneeze.
  These germs can stay in the air or travel with the wind.
   These germs can stay in the air or travel with the wind.
  If someone else breathes them in,
   If someone else breathes them in,
  he or she may get sick!
   he or she may get sick!
  For this reason,
   For this reason,
  many health experts encourage people to cover their mouths when they sneeze.
   many health experts encourage people to cover their mouths when they sneeze.
  But what is the best way to do that?
   But what is the best way to do that?
  One experiment that shows the answer comes from a place people may not expect – television!
   One experiment that shows the answer comes from a place people may not expect – television!
  Mythbusters is a television program.
   Mythbusters is a television program.
  In this program,
   In this program,
  Adam Savage and Jamie Hyneman try to prove common beliefs about common things - like sneezes.
   Adam Savage and Jamie Hyneman try to prove common beliefs about common things - like sneezes.
  They use science and experiments to look at these beliefs.
   They use science and experiments to look at these beliefs.
  Adam and Jamie used a very powerful camera to record a person sneezing.
   Adam and Jamie used a very powerful camera to record a person sneezing.
  Each man put a colored liquid in his mouth.
   Each man put a colored liquid in his mouth.
  When he sneezed, cameras recorded where the droplets went.
   When he sneezed, cameras recorded where the droplets went.
  Adam and Jamie tested three methods of containing a sneeze.
   Adam and Jamie tested three methods of containing a sneeze.
  They wanted to know which method stopped the most germs.
   They wanted to know which method stopped the most germs.
  In the first test,
   In the first test,
  Adam sneezed into his open hand.
   Adam sneezed into his open hand.
  Droplets from his mouth traveled almost three meters!
   Droplets from his mouth traveled almost three meters!
  And his hand was covered in droplets.
   And his hand was covered in droplets.
  If he touched anything without washing his hands,
   If he touched anything without washing his hands,
  he would spread the germs.
   he would spread the germs.
  Next, Jamie sneezed into his elbow.
   Next, Jamie sneezed into his elbow.
  He found only two droplets in front of him.
   He found only two droplets in front of him.
  And there was only a small amount of droplets on his elbow.
   And there was only a small amount of droplets on his elbow.
  Finally, Adam sneezed into a small cloth.
   Finally, Adam sneezed into a small cloth.
  Only a few droplets fell in front of him.
   Only a few droplets fell in front of him.
  The cloth caught most of the droplets.
   The cloth caught most of the droplets.
  However, some of the droplets went through the cloth and onto Adam’s hand.
   However, some of the droplets went through the cloth and onto Adam’s hand.
  Adam and Jamie discovered the best way to avoid spreading germs while sneezing
   Adam and Jamie discovered the best way to avoid spreading germs while sneezing
  is to sneeze into your elbow.
   is to sneeze into your elbow.
  This is also what the World Health Organization recommends.
   This is also what the World Health Organization recommends.
  This can be important to remember during times when sicknesses quickly spread.
   This can be important to remember during times when sicknesses quickly spread.
  Experts still do not know everything about sneezing.
   Experts still do not know everything about sneezing.
  But, they do know one thing.
   But, they do know one thing.
  When a person sneezes,
   When a person sneezes,
  you should always say “Bless you!”
   you should always say “Bless you!”
  It is the polite thing to do!
   It is the polite thing to do!
  The writer of this program was Liz Waid.
   The writer of this program was Liz Waid.
  The producer was Michio Ozaki.
   The producer was Michio Ozaki.
  The voices you heard were from the United States and the United Kingdom.
   The voices you heard were from the United States and the United Kingdom.
  All quotes were adapted and voiced by Spotlight.
   All quotes were adapted and voiced by Spotlight.
  You can find our programs on the internet at http://spotlightenglish.com
   You can find our programs on the internet at http://spotlightenglish.com


 

 

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