Clean Water Filter - Special English Audiobook

     Clean Water Filter

Clean Water Filter

  Hello. I’m Marina Santee.
   Hello. I’m Marina Santee.
  And I'm Elizabeth Lickiss.
   And I'm Elizabeth Lickiss.
  Welcome to Spotlight.
   Welcome to Spotlight.
  This programme uses a special English method of broadcasting.
   This programme uses a special English method of broadcasting.
  It is easier for people to understand,
   It is easier for people to understand,
  no matter where in the world they live.
   no matter where in the world they live.
  It was the thirteenth of April, 1970.
   It was the thirteenth of April, 1970.
  The Apollo 13 space ship was in trouble.
   The Apollo 13 space ship was in trouble.
  Damaged electrical wires could cause an explosion at any time.
   Damaged electrical wires could cause an explosion at any time.
  The crew knew they were in danger.
   The crew knew they were in danger.
  The power supply had failed.
   The power supply had failed.
  They had limited oxygen to breathe.
   They had limited oxygen to breathe.
  They were suffering the effects of extreme cold.
   They were suffering the effects of extreme cold.
  But somehow the crew survived.
   But somehow the crew survived.
  They repaired the space ship.
   They repaired the space ship.
  They used what they found to fix the damaged parts.
   They used what they found to fix the damaged parts.
  They returned safely to earth.
   They returned safely to earth.
  Maurice Connor remembers that time.
   Maurice Connor remembers that time.
  He lives in Pakistan.
   He lives in Pakistan.
  He is a water engineer with the Church Mission Society or CMS.
   He is a water engineer with the Church Mission Society or CMS.
  He works to establish a good supply of clean water
   He works to establish a good supply of clean water
  for poor people.
   for poor people.
  Maurice says,
   Maurice says,
  ‘The crew used what I now call,
   ‘The crew used what I now call,
  the Apollo 13 idea of development.
   the Apollo 13 idea of development.
  That is, they found a way to help themselves
   That is, they found a way to help themselves
  using materials around them.
   using materials around them.
  This encouraged me.
   This encouraged me.
  I believed that I could do something similar
   I believed that I could do something similar
  with water development’.
   with water development’.
  Clean water is one of the most important human needs.
   Clean water is one of the most important human needs.
  But the UN states some shocking findings.
   But the UN states some shocking findings.
  Over one billion people in the world
   Over one billion people in the world
  do not have a clean water supply.
   do not have a clean water supply.
  Experts estimate that one child dies
   Experts estimate that one child dies
  every fifteen seconds from diseases linked to infected water.
   every fifteen seconds from diseases linked to infected water.
  The Apollo crew were in a ‘life and death’ situation.
   The Apollo crew were in a ‘life and death’ situation.
  Maurice says that people without clean water are too.
   Maurice says that people without clean water are too.
  He decided to develop a new water filter system.
   He decided to develop a new water filter system.
  People could clean their own water with this filter.
   People could clean their own water with this filter.
  The filter system uses common materials.
   The filter system uses common materials.
  They are easy to find.
   They are easy to find.
  Maurice’s water filter uses sand to filter, clean, the water.
   Maurice’s water filter uses sand to filter, clean, the water.
  Sand filters are not new.
   Sand filters are not new.
  People have used them for many years.
   People have used them for many years.
  Experts have tested sand filters.
   Experts have tested sand filters.
  They say that sand filters remove nearly all-dangerous organisms from water.
   They say that sand filters remove nearly all-dangerous organisms from water.
  But the problem with sand filters is that they cost a lot of money.
   But the problem with sand filters is that they cost a lot of money.
  Many of the world’s poorest people cannot buy them.
   Many of the world’s poorest people cannot buy them.
  But Maurice’s water filter is easy for people to build themselves.
   But Maurice’s water filter is easy for people to build themselves.
  They can use materials that are easy to find.
   They can use materials that are easy to find.
  Maurice believes that everyone can have clean water
   Maurice believes that everyone can have clean water
  no matter how poor they are.
   no matter how poor they are.
  Madho is the young son of a poor farm worker
   Madho is the young son of a poor farm worker
  in the South of Pakistan.
   in the South of Pakistan.
  He made a water filter for his family
   He made a water filter for his family
  using Maurice’s design.
   using Maurice’s design.
  Now they can enjoy clean water all the time.
   Now they can enjoy clean water all the time.
  Madho made his water filter using a very large water container.
   Madho made his water filter using a very large water container.
  He made a small hole in the side of the container
   He made a small hole in the side of the container
  at the right height.
   at the right height.
  He put a piece of pipe through the hole to the bottom.
   He put a piece of pipe through the hole to the bottom.
  Madho placed big stones,
   Madho placed big stones,
  then small stones or gravel inside the container.
   then small stones or gravel inside the container.
  Next he put in an amount of fine sand.
   Next he put in an amount of fine sand.
  He then put a second smaller pot on top with a tiny hole in it.
   He then put a second smaller pot on top with a tiny hole in it.
  Then he poured in the dirty water from a local river.
   Then he poured in the dirty water from a local river.
  Small pieces of plants and insects became trapped on top of the sand.
   Small pieces of plants and insects became trapped on top of the sand.
  They formed a level of biological matter called the ‘schmutzdecke’.
   They formed a level of biological matter called the ‘schmutzdecke’.
  It is here that bacteria start to develop.
   It is here that bacteria start to develop.
  Maurice explains the importance of the ‘schmutzdecke’.
   Maurice explains the importance of the ‘schmutzdecke’.
  He says,
   He says,
  ‘God made good bacteria to feed off bad bacteria.
   ‘God made good bacteria to feed off bad bacteria.
  We make the filter in a special way
   We make the filter in a special way
  that encourages the good natural biology
   that encourages the good natural biology
  to live in the sand through which the dirty water flows’.
   to live in the sand through which the dirty water flows’.
  The schmutzdecke level is the first place for the good bacteria to settle.
   The schmutzdecke level is the first place for the good bacteria to settle.
  They then help to remove the bad bacteria
   They then help to remove the bad bacteria
  that cause sickness from the dirty water.
   that cause sickness from the dirty water.
  The water filter also removes viruses that cause disease.
   The water filter also removes viruses that cause disease.
  The viruses become attached to the sand grains and trapped.
   The viruses become attached to the sand grains and trapped.
  Small single cell creatures
   Small single cell creatures
  such as protozoa also become trapped.
   such as protozoa also become trapped.
  Protozoa can cause severe stomach infections.
   Protozoa can cause severe stomach infections.
  Madho knows that infected water
   Madho knows that infected water
  has caused his family many health problems in the past.
   has caused his family many health problems in the past.
  But he was unable to do anything about it.
   But he was unable to do anything about it.
  Filter systems to clean water cost a lot of money.
   Filter systems to clean water cost a lot of money.
  They are often made of plastic
   They are often made of plastic
  and produced in Europe or America.
   and produced in Europe or America.
  In the past Madho tried boiling the water to make it safe.
   In the past Madho tried boiling the water to make it safe.
  Heating water to a high temperature
   Heating water to a high temperature
  kills bacteria and viruses.
   kills bacteria and viruses.
  But it takes a lot of fuel to boil water for a family.
   But it takes a lot of fuel to boil water for a family.
  But Maurice’s water filter
   But Maurice’s water filter
  uses materials that the family already has.
   uses materials that the family already has.
  Madho learned how to make the water filter in one day.
   Madho learned how to make the water filter in one day.
  He learned the skill from his father’s brother.
   He learned the skill from his father’s brother.
  CMS works with The Lower Sindh Rural Development Association.
   CMS works with The Lower Sindh Rural Development Association.
  This group shows people how to make Maurice’s water filter.
   This group shows people how to make Maurice’s water filter.
  They go into poor villages in Pakistan.
   They go into poor villages in Pakistan.
  They work with respected people in the village.
   They work with respected people in the village.
  They show people like Madho’s uncle how to make the water filter.
   They show people like Madho’s uncle how to make the water filter.
  Then they trained him to teach other people.
   Then they trained him to teach other people.
  First he showed Madho how to make the filter.
   First he showed Madho how to make the filter.
  Madho learned the skill very quickly.
   Madho learned the skill very quickly.
  Now he too has passed the information to his friends in another village.
   Now he too has passed the information to his friends in another village.
  In this way the skill is passed
   In this way the skill is passed
  from person to person.
   from person to person.
  The idea of the filter is not new.
   The idea of the filter is not new.
  People have used sand water filters for a long time.
   People have used sand water filters for a long time.
  They are an excellent way of cleaning water.
   They are an excellent way of cleaning water.
  But until now large companies have made
   But until now large companies have made
  and sold these filters for profit.
   and sold these filters for profit.
  Maurice wants people to have water filters without cost.
   Maurice wants people to have water filters without cost.
  And now they can.
   And now they can.
  If you would like to know how to make Maurice’s water filter
   If you would like to know how to make Maurice’s water filter
  follow the link on our website.
   follow the link on our website.
  Sometimes governments and aid organisations provide people
   Sometimes governments and aid organisations provide people
  with free sand water filters.
   with free sand water filters.
  Maurice is happy when that happens.
   Maurice is happy when that happens.
  But he also feels that there is a need in people
   But he also feels that there is a need in people
  to help themselves.
   to help themselves.
  He says that this builds a community’s sense of self-worth
   He says that this builds a community’s sense of self-worth
  and respect.
   and respect.
  He believes that teaching people to build their own water filters
   He believes that teaching people to build their own water filters
  will empower them.
   will empower them.
  Maurice says,
   Maurice says,
  ‘God gave me a heart for helpful ideas
   ‘God gave me a heart for helpful ideas
  that can spread by themselves.
   that can spread by themselves.
  The situation with Apollo 13
   The situation with Apollo 13
  made me think about ways
   made me think about ways
  in which people can help themselves.
   in which people can help themselves.
  My desire is that governments and aid organisations
   My desire is that governments and aid organisations
  will make this water filter design
   will make this water filter design
  common knowledge.
   common knowledge.
  Then all people will be able to protect themselves
   Then all people will be able to protect themselves
  from diseases caused by infected water’.
   from diseases caused by infected water’.
  The writer of today’s programme was Elizabeth Lickiss.
   The writer of today’s programme was Elizabeth Lickiss.
  The voices you heard were from the United Kingdom and the United States.
   The voices you heard were from the United Kingdom and the United States.
  Computer users can hear our programmes,
   Computer users can hear our programmes,
  read our scripts and see our wordbook on our website at www.radio.english.net.
   read our scripts and see our wordbook on our website at www.radio.english.net.
  This programme is called ‘Clean Water Filter’.
   This programme is called ‘Clean Water Filter’.
  We love to hear comments and questions from our listeners.
   We love to hear comments and questions from our listeners.
  You can reach us by e-mail. Our address is radio @ English . net.
   You can reach us by e-mail. Our address is radio @ English . net.


 

 

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